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Glomerulonephritis is an inflammation of the units that filters the blood in the kidneys. If glomerulonephritis occurs on its own, it’s known as primary glomerulonephritis. If another disease, such as lupus or diabetes, is the cause, it’s called secondary glomerulonephritis. If severe or prolonged, the inflammation associated with glomerulonephritis can damage your kidneys.

Signs and symptoms of glomerulonephritis may depend on whether you have the acute or chronic form, and the cause. Your first indication that something is wrong may come from symptoms or from the results of a routine urinalysis.

Signs and symptoms may include:

  • Pink or cola-colored urine from red blood cells in your urine (hematuria)
  • Foamy urine due to excess protein (proteinuria)
  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Fluid retention (edema) with swelling evident in your face, hands, feet and abdomen
  • Fatigue from anemia or kidney failure

Treatment depends on the type of glomerulonephritis you haveThis inflammation can be caused by multiples causes such as lupus, vasculitis, hepatitis virus, HIV infection, problems that affect the bone marrow or the immune system itself, etc .

They present usually by blood and protein in the urine and high blood pressure and most of the time a kidney biopsy is required to make a correct diagnosis.